This Blog is now closed but you can still contact me at email@example.com. Ukraine-related posts have been edited into a book "Philatelic Case Studies from Ukraine's First Independence Period" edited by Glenn Stefanovics and available in the USA from amazon.com and in Europe from me. The Russia-related posts have been typeset for hard-copy publication but there are currently no plans to publish them.
Stefan Berger, the new expert for Armenia appointed by Germany's Bundes Philatelistscher Pruefer, is now open for submissions. He has a very expensive microscope:
and he has the necessary bits of paper and seals to certify your stamps:
Most important of all, he has spent over a decade familiarising himself with Armenian stamps and postal history; with their many forgeries ancient and very modern; and with the contents of major Armenia collections in several countries.
The BPP website is at www.bpp.de and you can contact Stefan there or directly from the information provided below:
Albums and many other philatelic
accessories were originally created for collectors of single stamps and, in
many ways, they still are. Large format albums, protection plastics and storage
boxes do exist but they tend to be expensive – perhaps because there is not much
demand. Over time, large format items get folded, creased and otherwise damaged
so that they attract even less interest from collectors.
What, for example, am
I supposed to do with the item shown below? It was a bit too big for my scanner
but you can see most of it. It’s not valuable but it has some nice features: it’s
a Registered banderole, the ODESSA 1 cancellation is a very good strike, the
boxed and dated Odessa censor mark in violet – two strikes - is readable (it’s No.237),
the franking at 26 kopeks will be fun for someone to convert to weight steps,
and so on. The Registration label has been modified in violet ink with the addition
of a Cyrillic letter “zhe”. The trouble
is, the whole thing is now very fragile and will separate into two halves
unless put into a protective plastic (which I will do).
My guess is that at
bottom left, the recipient tore out the address of the sender - maybe the Botanic Garden in Odessa - to keep for
reference and some of the other minor damage may have originated in transit. So,
in this case, it’s not all the fault of
dealers or collectors. There are no hinges or pencil scribbles. But if I put it out for sale at a stamp exhibition, what
do I put on it? Ten euros? Probably less – and for that, you will be getting
quite a lot of quite interesting postal history.
This remarkable book
closes with two complimentary remarks made by contemporaries speaking about
Agathon Fabergé; one described him as “a charming gentleman” and another as “a
great philatelic scholar”. Those remarks could be applied to the co-author of
this book, Kaj Hellman, who died shortly before it was completed. His fellow
author, Dr Jeffrey Stone, has carried through the work to a splendid completion
assisted by Kaj Hellman’s son, Oskari, and Kaarina Martilla who are responsible
for an exceptionally well designed and illustrated book produced to a very high
Agathon Fabergé (1876 –
1951) was one of the sons of the Imperial Russian court jeweller Peter Carl
Fabergé. As a young man, he both worked for the family firm as a gemologist and
became an avid collector of stamps and many other things besides. He had the
resources to spend lavishly. The war and the revolutions closed the family
business, resulted in the confiscation of many of his collections, put him in
to a Bolshevik prison and - no doubt to survive - obliged him to work for the
Soviet GOKHRAN organisation describing and evaluating Imperial jewels for later
sale – in the end, it was the USA which would provide the market for them. It
was not until December 1927 that Agathon escaped from Russia to Finland where
he settled for the rest of his life.
My guess is that his
decade in revolutionary Russia was traumatic. He never took employment after he
left but also found it hard to downsize his lifestyle. He became a gentleman
philatelist in constant financial difficulty, taking out loans against his
collections and then losing them because he could not repay. Much of this is
documented in this book. Kaj Hellman once told me that Agathon’s son, Oleg, on
his father’s death had found his father’s office desk heaped with unopened
letters, many containing bills long overdue.
Agathon Fabergé applied
himself to his stamp collections in a spirit of scholarship making many
discoveries which he simply noted for his own use and never published. This
book retrieves some of that scholarship and makes it available. It also
reconstructs many aspects of the ways in which “top end” philately was
conducted in the first half of the twentieth century. We are introduced to a
world of dealers who have very considerable financial resources to commit, to
collectors who network extensively and exchange material privately, of
international exhibitions, of personal feuds. Some of this reconstruction is
enabled by Fabergé’s well-known habit of annotating his purchases, recording on
stamps and covers who he had got them from, when and for how much. Hellman and
Stone have made a big start on constructing a modern database of the
annotations and this strikes me as an important piece of philatelic work. The
Appendices to the text also contain valuable research material, notably in
Appendix 2 which reconstructs Fabergé’s 1933 WIPA exhibits and Appendix 4 which
is an inventory of known 1846 – 1851 Moscow postal stationery envelopes.
would have welcomed a brief discussion of how Agathon’s collection was continued
by his son, Oleg, who like his father periodically disposed of material (
Imperial Russian fiscals, Transcaucasia 1917 – 23) but also mounted up an
extraordinary Zemstvo collection, which after his death was sold by Corinphila
(1999) in what was the last remarkable auction of the twentieth century.
The book has been
carefully proof-read, is surprisingly readable, and strikes me as a major
contribution to the history of philately.
Hellman and Jeffrey C. Stone, Agathon
Fabergé, published by Oy Hellman-Huutokaupat 2017, hardback, 370 pages,
price 50 €
Dr Raymond J Ceresa, who was best known for his encyclopaedic series of Handbooks on 1917 - 23 Russian area stamps and postal history, died on 10 June 2017. Ray Ceresa who was born in 1929 had been ill for some months. He is survived by his wife June and their three children. A fuller notice will appear here in due course, but readers who wish to post Comments can do so here.
After the creation of the
Soviet Union, all stamp issues previously in use were quite rapidly withdrawn
from sale. Imperial stamps at last disappeared, except when overprinted as
Philatelic Exchange stamps, and so too did the issues of the Far Eastern
Republic, Ukraine, and the Transcaucasian republics. At the same time, the
Soviet Philatelic Association (SPhA) was attempting - with some success - to
establish itself as a commercially important entity, able to generate foreign
exchange from stamp sales, but also able to control private philatelic
speculation through the use of philatelic exchange controls.
In both contexts, the
SPhA sought to centralise all the remainder stamp stocks and associated
material which were scattered across the Soviet Union. I think there were just
three centres: Moscow, Kharkiv and Baku – though over time I think everything
gravitated to Moscow. According to C Zakiyan and S.Saltikov in their 1988 book Post and Postage Stamps of Armenia, a
Soviet delegation arrived in Yerevan in September 1924 and took away some of the
handstamps used in the period 1919 – 23 and still lying around in the post
office. I have no doubt that they also organised the transfer to Baku and/or
Moscow of very large quantities of remaindered stamps and that they did the
same when they visited Tbilisi. The SPhA outpost in Baku was manned by
S.Kusovkin who owed his appointment directly to Chuchin (I once owned the
appointment letter ex the Voikhansky collection). Kusovkin is known to have
organised the AzVoka reprints of Azerbaijan overprinted stamps, taking the
opportunity to create new varieties from the old handstamps and it’s therefore possible
that he did the same if he was entrusted with any Armenian handstamps.
There has, for example,
long been a suspicion that the SPhA created varieties of overprint colour on
the 1923 Yerevan pictorial issue. It does seem that though some values of this set acquired red overprints from the rubber handstamps in Yerevan which then
went into normal postal use not all
values were overprinted in red. It does seem that if for no other reason than
to please those who like things in Sets, the SPhA did fill in the missing
combinations of value + red, but in very small quantities so that they are
rare. The alternative explanation is that those overprints were created in
Yerevan as trials or proofs and not put into use so that they were all
available for transfer to Baku or Moscow in nice MNH ** condition. Either way,
there is a small group of value + red rubber handstamp combinations which did not see postal
use. Added 30 June 2017 from Alexander Epstein:
I would like adding to your blog as to the SPhA machinations
something more concerning the rubber surcharges on the Armenia last
I visited Moscow as early as 1951 when one still
could purchase some Transcaucasian overprinted stamps through the State shops. I
bought there some rubber surcharged stamps of the Yerevan issue - all in some
black-violet or violet black colour, although the catalogs list only pure
violet or red surcharges. I have never seen used copies of stamps with rubber handstamp surcharges in these black-violet shades.
Several decades later, I learned from a very knowledgeable
old collector that those were actually reprints made by the
SPhA. Thus, one more confirmation!
the SPhA in a strong commercial position but, as far as both domestic and especially,
foreign sales were concerned, catalogues of what was in stock were also needed.
These were duly provided under the editorship of the energetic F.Chuchin and
those catalogues continue to have an influence since the 1920s holdings of the SPhA
provided the largest assembly of many Russian stamp issues, especially those of
the Civil War period.
But were the catalogues
reliable? The SPhA certainly had qualified philatelists on its staff who knew
how to go about things and, for example, the clearly understood a great deal
about the 1920 Postmaster Provisionals which they catalogued. But I think there
were also temptations which were created by the fact that the SPhA had also
acquired at least some handstamps which had been used to create overprinted
issues and this I have already suggested in relation to the work of
Kusovkin in Baku.
This is one reason why
it is extremely difficult to make sense of what happened in the Armenian post
office in 1921. For most of that year, letters were paid for in cash (not that
there were many) – a claim for which Zakiyan and Saltikov found archival evidence.
At the same time, various trials were going on in the back room aiming to turn
the very large stamp stock (about two million stamps) inherited by the new
Bolshevik regime into properly Sovietised issues. These trials were messy,
improvised and inconclusive. At the end of the day, there was an awful lot of
material put in a cupboard and just 200 sets of 10 stamps handed over to S
Khatchaturian and G.Babaian to see what they could sell them for in Constantinople,
where the young painter Khatchaturian (1886 – 1947) would also have
chance to discuss with the printer his stamp designs for the forthcoming First
and Second Yessayan issues - stamps which would provide a decisive break with the past
of messy overprinting.
We only have a sketchy
idea of what those 200 sets of 10 looked like because we somehow have to locate
them behind a much longer listing in the 1926 Chuchin catalogue and an even
longer one in 1960 Tchilingirian and Ashford. Basically, the set of 10 has got
submerged into all that went into the cupboard in Yerevan and – possibly - all that Kusovkin or the Moscow SPhA added
to the stock by way of new combinations of overprint. Zakiyan and Saltikov try
to separate out the set of 10 but provide no illustrations to help the matter.
In this context, it is interesting
to see how a distinguished Soviet philatelist, Ustinovky (author of a big
handbook on Tannu Tuva), went about the matter in the 1980s. See the page from
his collection shown below. He is still trying to do it with Chuchin numbers
and the simple truth of the matter is that for most of his stamps, the forgers
have got their first – they have made the stamps which are otherwise impossible
or almost impossible to find. In this
case, I don’t think we are looking at things from the Yerevan cupboard or even at old SPhA material made from genuine
handstamps. I think we are looking at modern forgeries using fresh MNH** clean
Imperial stamps and newly-made handstamps.
But when you turn over the stamps,
as I have done in the second illustration, you see that some of them have old
signatures notably VINNER (who is known to have been familiar and reliable with Postmaster
Provisional handstamps ) and a BH which I have yet to identify [See now note at end of this piece]. These stamps
are also not so pristine – they have been in other collections as you would
expect. Ustinovsky seems to have made this little collection in the 1980s and mentions Zakiyan and Saltikov's book in his notes. But he is relying on Chuchin.
is on the copies with old handstamps that I will focus my attention as I continue to try to work out what did
happen in the back room of Yerevan post office in 1921.
Click on Image to Magnify
Note added: Philippe Gueniot suggests V.N.Ustinovksy as the user of the handstamp BH which can be seen to include an extended "Y" to make three Cyrillic initials BHY:
This would make an interesting Exhibit. Here are some categories of stamps which don't exist:
(1) Stamps which did once exist but of which all copies have been lost or destroyed and only descriptions or photographs remain. You can always hope ...
(2) Typographical errors in catalogues which tell collectors to look for a 1 Dollar Blue when they should be looking for a 10 Dollar Blue. Dealers who accept Wants Lists soon discover these catalogue errors.
(3) Chinese Whispers. In the past, not every stamp issuing authority had a philatelic bureau or even answered the telephone. Collector A is looking at a set (?) of stamps in the same design and with values 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,9,10. Puzzled, A asks B Is there an 8? Says B, Probably. So A asks the local stamp dealer for a copy of the 8. Is there one? says the stamp dealer. Oh, I think so, says A. The dealer does work for a stamp magazine, helping list New Issues and so includes in the next list sent off a set containing 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10 values.
(4) The Fraudsters. In the old days, you could send stamps to weekly magazines or catalogue makers, giving details and they would get listed. So you could write:
Dear Philatelic Paper, I enclose four stamps which have just been issued here. In addition to the 5, 10, 20 and 50 overprints on the old stamps, there are also overprints of 100 and 200 which I could not afford to buy but the details of which are these ....
When the Philatelic Paper duly prints the details, the fraudster starts to produce the 100 and 200 high values which everyone will now be looking for. Similar scams still occur. In the 1990s, fraudsters (in California, I think) noted that four values of the 1920 unissued set of Chassepot stamps of Armenia were overprinted in 1923 for fiscal use. The fraudsters saw an opportunity: they decided that all ten values of the set had been overprinted and set about producing the missing scarce values for gullible collectors. It's really that simple.
(5) Catalogue Fraudsters. This is the one that interests me at the moment. Suppose you are a company or organisation which both produces catalogues and sells stamps. Why not insert a few extra stamps into the sets you are listing, and in particular ones which you could easily produce using surplus stock and even handstamps which have found their way into your offices? I have a suspicion that something very much like this occurred in the Soviet Philatelic Association in the 1920s and 1930s, with or without official sanction. More on this in a future Blog ....